Course Overview

The objectives of the course are designed to reinforce the attendees’ knowledge of plant chemistry and provide in-depth knowledge of problems and solutions to various chemical conditions. 

This 5 day course aims to de-mystify what power plant chemists do in and around the power generation facility. This is your opportunity to explore and understand important Power Generation chemistry concepts, principles, and technology which are presented in a reader-friendly format and illustrated with examples. Whether in a technical, managerial or supporting role, professionals like yourself need to understand the chemical terminology and technology of the power generation business in order to maximise effectiveness of your job. 

Power plant chemistry has a unique language, and its application must be mastered and understood by professionals operating in such a facility. A clear understanding of Power Generation water treatment plant equipment and processes, and chemical control regimes for plant items will provide an excellent foundation for smooth communication and increased efficiency in inter-department project team efforts. 

Course Objectives

Upon successful completion of the course, the participant should be able to:

• Describe the items that are required in order to make an informed judgment on the need of a specific chemical treatment technology to chemically clean. 

• Describe the items that are required in order to determine the solvent to be used for chemically cleaning. 

• Identify the source of boiler and/or steam contamination. 

• Evaluate the effect of boiler and/or steam contamination and how to avoid or deal with them on Steam Turbine performance. 

• Identify those indices that influence cooling water chemistry, their effect and remedy deposition. 

• Solve on-site demineralizer problems. 

• Identify possible remedies for condenser deposition and corrosion. 

• Identify the equipment and systems necessary to meet zero discharge.

Course Content

Module (1) Chemistry in Power Plant 

1.1 Evaluation and Determination of your Needs 

1.2 Solvent Evaluation and Selection 

1.3 Review of Chemical Cleaning Procedures 

1.4 Importance of Chemistry for Power Plant

Module (2) Raw Water Treatment 

2.1 Impurities

2.2 Sources of Water

2.3 Chlorination Systems

2.4 Clarification

2.5 Filtration

2.6 Demineralization 

2.7 Electro Dialysis Separation

2.8 Technology Review and Evaluation

Module (3) Feed Water Treatment 

3.1 Oxygen Removal 

3.2 pH Control

3.3 Condensate Polishers

3.4 EPRI Recommended Condensate and Feed Water Chemistry Mentoring Monitoring and Control Guidelines 

Module (4) Cooling Water 

4.1 Biological Fouling 

4.2 Deposition and Corrosion 

4.3 Chemical Treatment for Closed Cooling Water Systems

4.4 Chemical Treatment for Once-Through Cooling Water System 

4.5 Impact on Condenser Performance 

Module (5) Demineralization Systems 

5.1 Resin Technology and Replacement Alternatives 

5.2 Regeneration Chemical Requirements 

5.3 Electro Demineralization

5.4 Resin Testing and Evaluation

5.5 Resin Fouling and Corrective Action

Module (6) Steam Contaminants 

6.1 Specification of Steam 

6.2 Sources of Contaminants 

6.3 Impact on Turbine Performance 

6.4 Steam Sampling and Monitoring Requirements 

6.5 Corrective Actions 

Module (7) Boiler Water Treatment 

7.1 Properties of Water

7.2 Boiler Water Sources of Contamination and Their Impact

7.3 Boiler Water Treatment 

7.4 pH Control

7.5 Coordinated Phosphate Treatment

7.6 Carry Over

Module (8) Meeting Zero Discharge Requirements 

8.1 What is Zero Discharge?

8.2 Reasons for Zero Discharge

8.3 Pending Regulations 

8.4 Evaluation of Plant Water Streams 

8.5 Available Technology 

8.6 Design Considerations

Module (9) Plant Problems 

9.1 Boiler Tube Leaks

9.2 Condenser Tube Leaks 

9.3 High Air in Leakage

9.4 Phosphate Hideout

9.5 Chemical Cleaning

9.6 Corrosion

Module (10) Oil Analysis 

10.1 Proper Oil Sampling Techniques

10.2 Characterization and Analysis of Lube Oil 

10.3 Environmental Issues

10.4 Air Pollution

10.5 Water Pollution

10.6 Soil Pollution

10.7 Control Chart

10.8 Instrumentation Calibration

10.9 General Laboratory QC Practices